food…What is the Russian food? One can say that Russian food
is what Russians originally eat. However, the lunch of a person
who lives in Moscow varies much from the lunch of a person who
lives in Siberian countryside. The cities are always in a hurry
and the fast food is the permanent leader there. Meanwhile,
nobody will like the taste of a hot dog in villages.
Russians eat various dishes and traditional
meals aren’t the only ones we like. So, Russian food in general
is a set of traditional meals, which most Russians eat not
Essential Components of Russian Cuisine:
Russia is mainly a northern country with long-lasting
cold winter. The food should give us much energy and warmth
to survive during the winter time. So, the essential components
of Russian cuisine are those, which provide more carbohydrates
and fat rather than proteins. Fresh fruits and vegetables
are rarely used in food. So, the top five components of a
Russian meal are:
Potato (boiled, fried, baked,
potato chops, potato pancakes, potato soup, smashed potato)
Bread (bread, toasts, bread-crumbs)
Eggs (boiled, fried)
Meat (pork and beef – chops,
Butter (usually added in
all meals and spread on bread)
Also popular: cabbage, milk, sour cream, curds,
mushrooms, lard, cucumbers, tomatoes, apples, berries, honey,
sugar, salt, garlic, onions.
To cook, you will need vegetable oil, salt, and petter.
Authentic Recipes of the Russian Cuisine:
Salted cucumbers (soleniye ogurscy)–
small or medium size cucumbers which were kept in the salted
water with spices for several weeks, traditional vodka snack.
Salted cabbage (kvashennaya
kapusta)– another vodka snack: the pickled cabbage
is being kept in the jar for the several days.with berries,
salt and spices.
in sheepskin coat (seledka
pod shuboy) – small pieces of the herring mixed
with the boiled potato, beet, carrot and mayonnaise.
Fresh vegetables (svejie ovoshy)
– the salad made of cucumbers, tomatoes and onions. Usually
made with vinegar or oil.
– red or black. Traditional Russian appetizer. Black one is
far more expensive. Usually served on ice. Russians prefer
to eat toasts with butter and caviar
Medley (vinegret) - pieces
of herring, chopped beet, cucumber, carrot, potato and oil.
One of the few vegetarian salads in national cuisine.
Boiled beef tongue (yazyk)
– slices of the tongue, served with horseradish.
– the famous Russian soup made of beet and meat, usually served
with sour cream.
Vegetable soup (shie) - the
soup made of cabbage, potato and meat. There is also the specification
called “shie postnie” –the same soup without the meat.
(uha) – the fishsoup with carrot, spices and
Chiken soup (kuryniy soup)
soup (grybnoy soup)
Noodle soup – popular countryside
dish made of homemade noodle, potato and meat sometimes.
soup (okroshka)– gold “kvas” with vegetables,
potato, eggs and spices
Schi with Mushrooms