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A revival of the Sergiev matryoshka doll trade was started in 1970s-1980s. The matryoshkas made by E. Latysheva and N. Voronina are the best evidence of the full flourish of the trade. The upsurge of the interest in matryoshka was felt not only in Sergiev Posad but also in the nearby town of Khotkovo. The Abramtsevo Arts and Crafts School at Khotkovo gave training in wood carving and pottery. The pottery students were the first to attempt painting matryoshka dolls. They established the "Matryona" company in Khotkovo in 1992. In addition to painting traditional dolls the craftsmen of the company started designing new doll styles and produced some successful novel articles such as matryoshka dolls with a storage space inside, carved wooden figurines of the traditional Russian Father Christmas, collapsible painted wooden toys, etc.

The ancient Russian city of Tver is famous for its rich folk arts traditions. The new art toys made by Tver craftsmen from wood and textiles in the recent period exhibit an impressive creativity and profound awareness of the ancient Russian culture. Many collectors of the handmade Russian toys have acquired the " Baba Yaga" (Evil Spirit) Tver dolls.

Several Moscow artists, for instance, husband and wife Chibisov, always made toys for their children. In the new market economy, they began making a wider variety of toys for customers, primarily foreign tourists who are always interested in bringing attractive souvenirs from Russia. Collectors of toys also buy the matryoshka dolls, pyramids, rattles, tops, toy horses, and other articles hand-made by contemporary professional artists inspired by the Russian traditional folk art.

The artist Anna Tsimbal has invented a new type of Christmas-tree decorations which are hand-painted wooden articles such as balls or pyramids. She also makes highly original hand-painted wooden souvenir articles of various shapes.

Several workshops have been established recently where teams of artists and craftsmen collaborate in producing new types of Russian hand-made toys working in the spirit of the 19th-century arts-and-crafts cooperatives. For instance, the Moscow "Fakel" company produces hand-painted wooden toys and pieces of original basketry doll furniture.

Galina and Marina Sinitsky are manufacturing highly original textile dolls of human figures and cats.
Several new Moscow companies such as "Bylina", "Russian dolls", and "Our dolls" are continuing the tradition of manufacturing dolls in ethnic costumes initiated in the 19th century by the "Children's education" workshop. The dolls are sold most to toy collectors and as souvenirs for foreign tourists.

The toy-making tradition of Saint-Petersburg can be traced back to the time when the city was founded 300 years ago. Before the region was taken over by the Russian Empire the local Ugro-Finnish communities had manufactured dolls for the everyday life purposes and for use in the ancient sacred rituals. Peter the Great, the founder of Saint-Petersburg, established the city as a center of West European culture and therefore the Russian folk art did not develop there as fast as in other regions of Russia. The urban-style dolls made in Saint-Petersburg were manufactured of expensive materials and were intended for the decorative purposes as interior furnishings. Doll makers lived mostly at Okhta, a suburb of Saint-Petersburg, and their favorite subjects were figurines of noble ladies, high-society beauties, hussars, and other military officers. The dolls were sold in the city markets and shops. Starting from the late 20s of the 19th century the demand for dolls grew sharply as the demand for dolls and other toys for children increasingly grew from the families of different social classes. The number of doll makers grew accordingly. The Handicrafts Museum in Saint-Petersburg had an extensive collection of locally made dolls.

After the Communist revolution of 1917 the private toy-making workshops were nationalized and one of them is still in existence bearing the name "Igrotekhnika" Factory.

In early 90s of the 20th century the doll-making trade was revived. The graceful appearance of the "urban-style" dolls brings back the cozy atmosphere of the rich Russian country estates of the past centuries. The "Poteshny promysel" company in Saint-Petersburg is the major manufacturer of dolls dressed in ethnic and high-society costumes typical for different historic periods and nations. Their most popular products are the sets of dolls sold under the titles the "Tsar Dynasty", which includes dolls of all Russian tsars from Peter the Great to Nicholas II, and "Historic personages", which includes the dolls of famous Russian statesmen and field marshals Suvorov and Kutuzov.

The small-size dolls are very carefully executed, sometime have porcelain parts (heads and hands), and have a considerable artistic value.


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